Chronological Table of Innsbruck’s History
Here's an overview of Innsbruck’s history from the Romans to today ...
500 Years of Kaiser Maximilian
The 500thanniversary of the legendary Kaiser’s death is an important event for the city of Innsbruck, due to his shaping of the city’s future. He commissioned the construction of the Golden Roof, Innsbruck’s most famous landmark, and the impressive legacy of the life-size black marble cenotaph in the Hofkirche.2019
Opening of the new House of MusicOctober 2018
The UCI Road World Championships in InnsbruckSeptember 2018
IFSC Climbing World Championships in InnsbruckSeptember 2018
Opening of the new Patscherkofelbahn cable carsDecember 2017
IFSC World Youth Climbing ChampionshipsSeptember 2017
450 Years of Archduke Ferdinand II
The anniversary of the sovereign’s move to Tyrol. The enthusiastic collector commissioned the construction of Ambras Palace and relocated his greatest treasures here. They can still be viewed today.2017
The Mountain Bike Gravity Festival ensures spectacular action upon its first visit to Innsbruck’s BikePark.June 2017
Construction of Innsbruck’s BikePark at Muttereralm.January to June 2017
Opening of Innsbruck’s Climbing Centre
A giant climbing area with indoor and outdoor areas, ensuring modern and diverse climbing fun. Innsbruck’s climbing hall is also a training centre for many top international athletes.2017
International Children's Winter Games
Innsbruck is the venue of the Olympic Games for Children.January 2016
The new House of Music is born
Innsbruck architect Erich Strolz's design wins against 126 competitors.September 2015
Demolition of the Civic Halls
Originally a redoubt, destroyed in the Second World War, rebuilt by Franz Baumann. A mulit-functional event centre until the construction of the Congress. Significant, listed wall friezes from Max Weiler (1960), regarded as his first abstract works.2015
Youth Olympic Games in Innsbruck
Tirol Panorama Museum at Bergisel with Panoramic Painting
Scenes from the third battle of Bergisel in 1809 against Napoleon and Bavarian troops. Zeno Diemer's artwork from 1896 depicts the fighting at the gates of Innsbruck in 1800 over 1,000 square metres.2011
Opening of the newly-built, David Chipperfield-designed Kaufhaus Tyrol shopping centre.2010
Alles wird gut (Everything will be OK)
Redevelopment of Maria-Theresien-Straße. Designed by the architect team 'Alles wird gut'.2008–2011
The European Football Championships in Innsbruck: Sweden, Russia, Greece and Spain meet each other in Group D.
The new Hungerburg funicular enters operation. Worth seeing are the futuristic stations designed by Zaha Hadid.2007
The Winter World Student games
in Innsbruck and Seefeld2005
New constructions in Innsbruck
Rebuilding of the Bergisel ski jump by Zaha Hadid, recipient of the International Architect Prize in 2003/2004. Construction of the Rathuasgalerie by Dominique Perrault in 2004, reconstruction of Innsbruck central train station.2002/03
Winter Olympics in Innsbruck
Formation of the Diocese of Innsbruck
Innsbruck belonged to the Diocese of Brixen until 1919. After South Tyrol's annexation, the papal nunciature in Feldkirch oversaw the congregation. Innsbruck has been an independent diocese since 1964.1964
Max Weiler's artwork for the Theresienkirche (St Theresa's) at Hungerburg. His depiction of people dressed in Tyrolean folk costume at Christ's crucifixion causes a scandal.1946/47
Heavy bombing of Innsbruck, especially the cathedral, Wilten, central station, Maria-Theresien-Straße.1943-45
The first alpine constructions at Seegrube and Hafelekar by Franz Baumann.
Preserved in original forms and worth seeing in an award-winning combination with modern extensions.
The railway arrives
Connection to the European rail network (Lower Inn Valley, Brenner and Arlberg)
Hofburg Imperial Apartments
In the middle of the 19th century, living quarters for Kaiser Franz Joseph and his consort Elisabeth (Sisi) were erected in ostentatious Rococo style.1850s
Innsbruck as state capital
Innsbrcuk replaced Meran (now in South tyrol) as state capital. Before this, Innsbruck was an imperial residence of the Habsburgs (1420-1665).
Returned to Austria
Tyrol returns to Austria. At the Congress of Vienna, Kaiser Franz I wins Tyrol back after 10 years of Bavarian rule.
Leader of the Tyrolean troops during the four battles of Bergsiel (3 successful) against French-ruled Bavaria. Executed in Mantova in 1810, honoured as a hero to this day.
Triumphpforte (Triumphal Arch)
Dedicated to the marriage of Archduke Peter Leopold (Leopold II) to Maria Ludovica in Innsbruck, and to the death of Kaiser Franz I. Reliefs by Balthasar Moll. The construction materials are taken from the demolished medieval city gate.1765-1770
Reconstruction of the Hofburg
By Maria Theresia into a 'mini alpine Schönbrunn'. Prominent artists from Vienna, such as Nikolaus Parcassi, Konstantin von Walther and Franz A. Maulbertsch designed the palace in the late-Baroque style.1740-1770
The City Parish Church of St Jakob (St James)
New construction of the high-Baroque city parish church of St James by Johann Jakob Herkommer. Painting of Mary of Succor by Lucas Cranach the Elder. Frescos from the legend of St James and stucco by the Asam brothers.1717–1722
Annasäule (Column of St Anne)
The Column of St Anne was mounted in gratitude for liberation from the occupying Bavarian army during the War of the Spanish Succession. Masonry work by the Benedetti brothers.1703
The House of Lorraine in Innsbruck
Innsbruck becomes a residence of the House of Lorraine, ruling as governors for the Habsburgs. Union of the two dynasties through marriage. From 1736, the double-barrelled name Habsburg-Lorraine is in use after the marriage of Maria Theresia to Francis of Lorraine.1669-1803
Foundation of the university
The university carries the name of its founders: Kaiser Leopold I, the first founder, and Francis I, who refounded it after Bavarian occupation in 1826.1669
End of the Tyrolean Habsburgs
Sigmund Franz dies as last prince in 1665. Leopold I dissolves the royal court in Innsbruck. Governors are deployed from Vienna.1655-1665
Archduke Ferdinand Charles
Engages Cesti as the Royal Court's musical director at the opera house. Visit of the Swedish Queen Christina in 1655, and her conversion to Catholicism. First performance of the opera L'Argia by Pietro Antonio Cesti in her honour.
The Jesuit Church
New construction of the Jesuit Church by Christoph Gumpp after collapse in 1627. An early-Baroque church with crypt (princely graves of Leopold V's family)1629
Claudia de'Medici marries Archduke Leopold V. Lavish patronage of the arts and court life. From 1632 to 1646, she rules after Leopold's death. The Claudiana, early-Baroque ballroom with coats-of-arms. Claudia introduces bilingualism to the Mercantile Magistrate of Bozen/Bolzano.1626
Archduke Leopold V
Founds the 'Comedihaus' - one of the earliest opera houses north of the Alps in 1629 (on the site of the Congress). Brings Lucas Cranach the Elder's painting of Mary of Succor to Innsbruck. Equestrian statue at the Leopold Fountain.1618–1632
Archduke Maximilian III
Archduke Maximilian III, Teutonic Knight, Prince of Tyrol and member of the Teutonic Order. Tomb in the Church of St James designed by Caspar Gras. Hermitage at the Capuchins.1602–1618
Archduke Ferdinand II
Ferdinand II marries Philippine Welser. Governor in Bohemia, inherits Tyrol and Further Austria. Reconstruction of Ambras into a Renaissance palace, and construction of lower palace for his art collection. Regarded as the oldest museum in central Europe.1564–1595
Reconstruction of the medieval castle into a palace for Ferdinand II. Spanish Hall built as first stand-alone Renaissance ballroom north of the Alps (1570-72), today a concert hall. Armoury, art chamber, chamber of wonders, bathroom and the Habsburg portrait gallery are popular attractions.1564–1572
Tomb of Maximilian I
The Maximilian I tomb project. 28 oversized bronze figures (ancestors and heroes) keep watch, a cenotaph with 24 marble reliefs. The most significant in the German-speaking area. 1553-1563 construction of the Hofkirche under Ferdinand I. Maximilian's grave is, however, in Wiener Neustadt.
Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof)
An alcove balcony, built under Maximilian I. Completed in 1500 with 2,657 fire-gilded copper tiles. Decorated with reliefs of Maximilian and his consort, the chancellor, court jester and morisco dancers by Niklas Türing the Elder. Today, the museum functions as a memorial to its founder.1500
Maximilian I takes over Tyrol in 1490. Innsbruck becomes his favourite residence and seat for many government agencies, such as the finance office. Arsenal in the armoury. Assignments for many prominent artists, including Albrecht Dürer.1490–1519
Sigismund (rich in coin)
Coinage of the Guldengroschen in Hall, marriage to Eleanor of Scotland. Brings many humanists to the royal court. Extravagance leads to deposition. Start of construction of the Hofburg palace (completed 1500).1486
Duke Friedrich IV
'Freddy of the empty pockets' - a nickname given to him due to his support of the wrong papal candidate. Imprisoned by the Council of Constance and loses his lands. Moves the royal court from Meran to Innsbruck, beginning the rise of Innsbruck as a Habsburg seat of power.1420
The last countess of Tyrol, Margarete Maultasch, gives Tyrol to the Habsburgs (Rudolf IV) and not, as expected, to the Wittelsbachs. Start of conflict between Tyrol and Bavaria. The altar at Tyrol Castle recalls these times (1370, check the Tyrolean State Museum).1363
The unification of Tyrol
Meinhard II of Gorizia-Tyrol (1238-1295) becomes the first to unite the areas north and south of the Brenner Pass as the 'Princely Duchy of Tyrol'. Founder of the Cistercian Abbey in Stams.1271
The Counts of Tyrol
End of the Andechs, political marriage leads to the County of Tyrol. They reside at Tyrol Castle near Meran, the place after which the land is named.
Emergence of the market town under the Bavarian Counts of Andechs. Barter agreement with the abbot of Wilten. Construction of the first bridge over the Inn (1186), lending its name to the re-establishment. In 1237, mention as 'urbs oenipons' (City of Innsbruck).1186
Premonstratensians come to Wilten. Consecration of the church in 1138. The most important Order in Innsbruck with a large estate. The Abbot of Wilten becomes highest ecclesiatical authority. Bishop's seat in Brixen until 1919.1128
Secures a loan from the bishops of Trient and Brixen, princes of the Holy Roman Empire, on the area 'terra intra montes' (Bozen, Vinschgau, Noricum). The bishops give the areas as fiefdoms to nobles. The 'land in the mountains' becomes a bone of contention between rival families. In northern tyrol, the counts of Andechs rule (990-1248).1027
Bavarian land grab
Countless Bavarians settle what is now known as Tyrol. The bishop's seat moves in the 10th century from Säben to Brixen.6th Century.
The road through Brenner is built by Tiberius and Drusus, Augustus' stepsons. Becomes the most important north-south connection in the middle ages. Veldidena becomes the most important Roman supply depot in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Roman veterans settle the lands, ally with the Raeti. Emergence of the Raeti-Romans.15 BC.