Chronological Table of Innsbruck’s History
Here's an overview of Innsbruck’s history from the Romans to today ...
The new House of Music (Haus der Musik) under construction
Innsbruck architect, Erich Strolz, won against 126 other applicants.September 2015
Demolition of the city chambers (Stadtsäle)
Originally the Redouten Halls, destroyed in the Second World War, rebuilt by Franz Baumann. A multi-functional events hall until the construction of the Congress. Important, listed wall friezes designed by Max Weiler (1960), regarded as his first abstract work.2015
Youth Olympic Games in Innsbruck
museum on the Bergisel mountain2011
Opening of the Kaufhaus Tyrol shopping centre, designed by David Chipperfield2010
Alles wird gut
Remodelling of the Maria-Theresien-Strasse, designed by the architectural firm „Alles wird gut“2008–2011
European Football Championship in Innsbruck
Opening of the new Hungerburgbahn funicular created by Zaha Hadid2007
in Innsbruck and Seefeld2005
New construction of the Bergisel jump by Zaha Hadid, international awards2002/03
Olympic Winter Games in Innsbruck
Founding of the Innsbruck Diocese
Max Weiler’s great art scandal (paintings at Theresienkirche)1946/47
Bombing of Innsbruck (cathedral, Wilten, train station, Maria-Theresienstrasse)1943-45
First edifices were built on Seegrube and Hafelekar by Franz Baumann
Connection to the European rail network (Unterinntal, Brenner, Arlberg)
Innsbruck replaced Meran as regional capital
Returned to Austria
Tirol is returned to Austria – Kaiser Franz I.
4 Bergisel battles against the Bavarians, led by the Tirolean freedom fighter Andreas Hofer who was shot in Mantua in 1810.
Marriage of Archduke Peter Leopold (Leopold II.) and Maria Ludovica in Innsbruck
Empress Maria Theresa ordered the Triumphal Arch to be built with a twofold purpose: to honor the marriage of her son, the Duke of Tuscany, later Emperor Leopold II, to Maria Ludovica from Spain, and to mourn the death of her beloved husband, Francis I Stephen of Lothringen, who died during the celebrations.1765-1770
Reconstruction of the Imperial Palace under the rule of Maria Theresia1740-1770
St. Jakob parish church
Reconstruction of the St. Jakob parish church, the painting of the Holy Virgin was integrated into the new high altar, frescoes and stucco work by the Asam brothers;1717–1722
Bavarians were successfully chased out of Tirol following disputes concerning the Spanish succession. In memory of this, Annasäule (Pillar of Anna) was constructed.1703
Foundation of the Innsbruck University
Habsburgs dies out
1655 visit of Queen Christine of Sweden; first performance of the opera “L´Argia” (6 hrs), great success. Sudden death of Sigmund Franz – Tirol’s last sovereign; Leopold I. dissolves the Court in Innsbruck; the Tirolean line of the Habsburgs dies out; governors are employed1655-1665
Archduke Ferdinand Karl
Archduke Ferdinand Karl takes on Cesti as Musical Director, construction of the Imperial Opera House,
“Comedihaus” – 1st Opera House north of the Alps; Maria Hilf painting; building of the Jesuit church; “Claudiana” early baroque hall with coats of arms, Claudia introduces bilingualism at the Commercial Court in Bolzano/Bozen.1629
Claudia de´Medici, operas became a popular genre1626
Archduke Leopold V. °°
Archduke Maximilian III.
Archduke Maximilian III, Grandmaster of the Teutonic Order; his tomb was built by Caspar Gras1602–1618
Spanish Hall as the first Renaissance festival hall north of the Alps, built by Archduke Ferdinand II. who had also built the Imperial Gardens (Hofgarten) and the Ambras Gardens as well as the Arts and Wonder Chamber and the Arms Halls1564–1572
Grabdenkmal Maximilian I.
Maximilian I. commissioned his sarcophagus with 28 larger-than-life bronze statues which stand in mourning at the tomb of this assertive prince.
Transen 1553-1563 Ferdinand I. commissioned the Royal Church to accommodate Maximilian’s sarcophagus.
Construction of the Golden Roof was finished and soon afterwards the Imperial Palace.1500
Maximilian I. takes over Tirol; his fondness for Innsbruck increased the region's status. Under his rule the town became an administrative capital. He also gave the Tiroleans the right to their own national defense1490–1519
Coin mint in Hall under Archduke Sigmund; construction of the Imperial Palace was started1486
Herzog Friedrich IV.
Under the rule of Count Friedl of the Empty Pocket the seat was moved from Meran to Innsbruck; mining business starts to flourish1420
The last Countess of Tirol, Margarete Maultasch, hands over Tirol to Rudolf IV. of the Habsburgs: the altar at Schloss Tirol (1370) still testifies to this;1363
Inheritation of Tirol
Meinhard II. of Görz-Tirol inherits the North Tirolean regions and unites them into one; the “County of Tirol” was mentioned for the first time.1271
Grafen von Tirol
The Andechs lineage dies out and the Counts of Tirol, who give the country their name, follow.
Construction of the Inn bridge – development of a small market settlement due to a barter deal with the Abbey of Wilten; in 1237 Innsprugg is first mentioned in a document as “urbs” (= city)1186
The Premonstratensians come to Wilten, consecration of the church in 11381128
enfeoffed the Bishops of Trient and Brixen with the counties of Bolzano, Vinschgau and Noricum, the so called “terra intra montes”, the land between the mountains; the bishops in turn enfeoffed the fiefs to various noblemen and the “terra intra montes” soon become a bone of contention of vying lineages of counts. North Tirol is under the rule of the Counts of Andechs, “Omeras” castle 10701027
Bavarian conquest and settlement; the Episcopal see is moved from the Säben monastery to Brixen.6th Century.
Tiberius and Drusus, the stepsons of Augustus, had the road across Brenner pass built – Europe’s most important North-South connection in the middle ages; in the 2nd/3rd centuries AD Veldidena served as most important supply base for the Romans.15 BC.